The world's largest Muslim youth organisation, Gerakan Permuda Ansor (GP Ansor), is calling for the re-examination of the Islamic texts in a bid to "recontextualise" its teachings for the modern era.
The organisation, which issued a Declaration on Humanitarian Islam on Monday (22 May) also comes with a warning. The youth wing cautioned that failure to re-examine the Islamic texts will see continued bloodshed in Muslim countries, which could "threaten humanity."
"A wide discrepancy now exists between the structure of Islamic orthodoxy and the context of Muslims' actual reality," said Luthfi Thomafi, a member of GP Ansor's board.
"[This is] due to immense changes that have occurred since the teachings of orthodox Islam, which became largely ossified towards the end of the medieval era.
"Civil discord, acts of terrorism, rebellion and outright warfare - all pursued in the name of Islam - will continue to plague Muslims and threaten humanity at large, until these issues are openly acknowledged and resolved," Thomafi added, Channel News Asia reports.
He added: "Our goal is to develop an international network leading to the emergence of a global movement which shall be dedicated to the well-being of humanity as a whole - and to the fostering of a truly global civilisation - inspired by 'humanitarian Islam', linked to Islam rahmatan li al-'alamin, which serves as a blessing for all creation."
Issues that lie at the heart of this discrepancy includes practices governing the relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, GP Ansor said.
This includes the rights, responsibilities and role of non-Muslims who live in Muslim-majority societies and vice-versa. GP Ansor is the youth wing of Indonesia's largest Muslim organisation Nadlatul Ulama, which claims to have 50 million members. Indonesia has the world's largest Muslim population.
The call by GP Ansor was described as a "bold move", coming barely three weeks after Jakarta's first ethnic Chinese Christian governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was sentenced to jail over allegations of blasphemy.
His conviction has raised concerns that extremists are gaining an upper hand in Indonesia, which has been practicising moderate Islam.
GP Ansor also outlined a strategic road map for a coordinated, long-term effort to address issues in the Islamic world.
The strategy would include a new discourse to bring Islamic teachings into the modern era; develop a new Islamic educational curriculum and working towards a grassroots movement to build political will.