First Fossil of 240-Million-Year-Old Amphibious Ichthyosaur Discovered in China

This illustration shows what a newly discovered amphibious ichthyosaur may have looked like when it was alive some 248 million years ago(Stefano Broccoli/University of Milan)

The first fossil of an amphibious ichthyosaur has been found in China by a team of researchers from the University of California.

The fossil is the first one to be found of the dolphin-like creature, during its transition from land to sea, and represents a previously missing stage in the evolutionary timeline of the marine reptile.

The remains are around 240 million years old, dating from the Triassic period, and measure roughly one and a half foot long.

Advertisement

Lead author, Ryosuke Motani, explained that the fossil is of the transitional period, because "there's nothing that prevents it from coming onto land."

Fossil remains show the first amphibious ichthyosaur found in China by a team led by a University of California scientist. Its amphibious characteristics include large flippers and flexible wrists, essential for crawling on the ground(Ryosuke Motani/UC Davis)

The fossil shows that the amphibious ichthyosaur had unusually large flippers, allowing for seal-like movement on land, and flexible wrists, which are essential for crawling along the ground.

Its nose was short and similar to that of other land reptiles, whereas most ichthyosaurs previously found have a long snout.

Another indicator of its place in the evolutionary timeline is that it has thicker bones compared to other ichthyosaurs. It is believed that marine reptiles who transitioned from land to sea became heavier first, so that they could swim through rough coastal waters before getting to deep sea.

The animal lived about four million years after the mass extinction of the dinosaurs, and scientists have often wondered how long plants and animals took to recover, especially as the extinction has been associated with global warming.

"This was analogous to what might happen if the world gets warmer and warmer," Motani said. "How long did it take before the globe was good enough for predators like this to reappear? In that world, many things became extinct, but it started something new. These reptiles came out during this recovery."

Advertisement
© Copyright 2017 IBTimes Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.